DESIGN OF FORCED CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER RIG

ABSTRACT

This project report contains experimental illustration of forced convective heat transfer rig, which consist of a tube, through which air is sent in by a blower. The test section consists of a long electrical surface heater on the tube which serves as a constant heat flux source on the flowing medium. The inlet and outlet temperature of the flowing medium are measured by thermocouple and also the temperature at several locations along the surface heater from which an average temperature can be obtained. An orifice meter is used to measure the airflow rate with a ‘U’ tube water manometer. An ammeter and voltmeter are provided to measure the power input to the heater. A power regulator is provided to vary the power input to heater. A valve is provided to regulate the flow rate of air. The air being generated by the blower is being passed through a hose connected to a mild steel pipe. The total heat input rate to the air is calculated using = MCPΔt

Where;

M = Mass flow rate

Cp = Specific heat

Δt = Temperature change of the air across the heating section

Hence, the forced convection heat transfer coefficient is obtained using qt = h.AΔT

Where;

ΔT = log mean temperature across the heating section

The result of the convective heat transfer of h = 0.05 W/m2k was obtained

TABLE OF CONTENT
Cover Page
Title page
Certification page
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of figures
List of Tables
List of graph
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Modes of heat Transfer
1.2 Aims and Objectives
1.3 Application and uses
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Previous works on forced convection studies
2.1 Purposes of the study
2.2 Basic laws Governing Heat Transfers
2.3 Heat Transfer by Convection
2.4 Determination of Coefficient of Heat Transfer by convection
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Analysis of Design
3.1 Description of Design
3.1.1 Methodology
3.2. Steps Considered for the Designing of forced convective heat transfer rig
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Experimental procedure
4.1 Material Methods
4.1.1 Consideration for Material Selection
4.1.2 Selecting materials for the test rig
4.2 Forced convection Data and Calculations
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Analysis Of Result
5.1 Fourier’s Laws of heat Conduction
5.2 Thermal Conductivity of Material
5.3 Determination of Quality of Heat Entering the Hot Pipe
5.4 Determination of Temperature
CHAPTER SIX
6.0 Observation
6.1 Suggestion for improvement
6.2 Challenges Encountered
6.3 Recommendation
CHAPTER SEVEN
7.0 Conclusion

Reference

List of Figure Pages
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5

List of table pages
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4

List of graphs pages
Graph 1
Graph 2

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